Neuromuscular Dentistry (neuro=nerves and muscular=muscles) is a science of dentistry that deals with the nerves and muscles that are responsible for the movement of lower jaw and the joints. It evaluates the complex relationship between teeth, temporo-mandibular joints (TMJ), muscles and nerves to find out the best resting position of the jaw. Further it also makes sure to correct any misalignment issues between the jaw, muscles, joints, and nerves.
Occlusion (bite) can be the primary cause of pain in the area of head and neck associated with Temporomandibular Disorder (TMD). A dentist trained in Neuromuscular dentistry evaluates and corrects the whole system that makes a bite including joints, muscles, nerves, and teeth.
Neuromuscular Dentistry aims to give relief to the patients suffering from pains and symptoms of TMD caused by the misalignment teeth, temporo-mandibular joints (TMJ), muscles and nerves. Many physicians don’t realise that the painful symptoms are due to occlusion and patients keep on suffering from the pain and discomfort till the time they visit a NMD clinic.
NM dentistry corrects the bite by following treatment method:
Coronoplasty/Equilibration is done in slight misalignment of bite. It involves smoothing and reshaping the enamel of the teeth to correct the bite.
Removable Overlay Partials (orthotics) are fitted over the back teeth to maintain an aligned bite.
Bite can be realigned by reconstruction of the teeth higher using crowns to give permanent structural support for the jaw.
Orthodontics (Braces) can move the healthy teeth to the optimal position.
All these procedures are detailed in the NMD course.