SLEEP APNEA

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Sleep apnea is a serious sleep disorder that causes repetitive stop and start of breath while sleeping.

Sleep apnea is mainly of following three types:

Obstructive sleep apnea: It is the most common form of sleep apnea that occurs when throat muscles relax.

Central sleep apnea: It occurs when brain doesn't send proper signals to the breath controlling muscles.

Complex sleep(Mixed) apnea syndrome or treatment-emergent central sleep apnea: It occurs when someone has both obstructive sleep apnea and central sleep apnea.

Symptoms of Sleep Apnea

The OSA & CSA have overlapping symptoms and it makes it very difficult for the physician to determine the actual type of SA. The major symptoms of SA are:

  • Loud snoring

  • Episodes of breathing cessation during sleep witnessed by sleeping partner

  • Abrupt awakenings

  • Shortness of breath

  • Awakening with a dry mouth or sore throat

  • Headache especially in the morning

  • Difficulty falling & staying asleep

  • Excessive daytime sleepiness (hypersomnia)

  • Daytime fatigue

  • Inability to concentrate

  • Irritability